Vol. 15, no.2, 2023


Radiometric method for soil moisture portraits obtaining to study the hydrology of dams

Igor A. Sidorov, Alexander G. Gudkov, Sergey V. Chizhikov

Bauman Moscow State Technical University, https://bmstu.ru/
Moscow 105005, Russian Federation
E-mail: igorasidorov@yandex.ru, profgudkov@gmail.com, chigikov95@mail.ru
Evgeny P. Novichikhin
Kotelnikov Institute of Radioengineering and Electronics of RAS, Fryazinsky Branch, http://fire.relarn.ru/
Fryazino 141190, Moscow Region, Russian Federation
E-mail: epnov@mail.ru
Igor O. Porokhov
A.I. Berg Central Scientific-Research Radioengineering Institute, http://www.cnirti.ru/
Moscow 105066, Russian Federation
E-mail: ds4@cnirti.ru

Received 11 April 2023, peer-reviewed 18 April 2023, accepted 25 April 2023

Abstract: The methods for the artificial hydraulic structures condition monitoring using trace microwave radiometers are considered, in order to timely detect places of underground leaks to ensure trouble-free operation. Several practical examples of the use of microwave radiometers on various ground-based mobile carriers are described. The characteristics of microwave radiometers used in practice for hydrological monitoring of earthen dams are given. The possibility of detecting potentially dangerous sections of dams, places of erosion of the dam cover, possible places of underground leaks is shown. The possibility of combining microwave radiometers with other means of remote sensing, such as optical video cameras, thermal infrared cameras and georadars, is being considered. The advantages of multisensory sensing to increase the reliability of detecting places of underground leaks are substantiated

Keywords: microwave radiometers, earth dam, remote sensing, radio brightness temperature, relic radiation, unmanned aerial vehicles, soil moisture

UDC 681.7.069.32

RENSIT, 2023, 15(2):125-132e DOI: 10.17725/rensit.2023.15.125

Full-text electronic version of this article - web site http://en.rensit.ru/vypuski/article/493/15(2)125-132e.pdf