Vol. 13, no.3, 2021


Tracks on films and multi-charged clusters

Anatoly I. Nikitin, Vadim A. Nikitin, Alexander M. Velichko, Tamara F. Nikitina

V.L. Talrose Institute for Energy Problems of Chemical Physics at N.N. Semenov Federal Research Center for Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, https://www.chph.ras.ru/
Moscow 119334, Russian Federation
E-mail: anikitin@chph.ras.ru, vadim333@mail.ru, avelichko@chph.ras.ru, tnikitina1938@gmail.com

Received April 01, 2021, peer-reviewed April 12, 2021, April 19, 2021

Abstract: When conducting experiments on the electric explosion of titanium foil in water, a “strange” radiation was detected, leaving dotted traces on the film. The velocity of the carriers of this radiation was estimated as 20–40 m/s, and their energy, estimated by the Coulomb drag mechanism, turned out to be equal to 700 MeV. Subsequently, it was found that similar traces are formed at various types of high-current arc discharges, both of artificial and natural origin. Many solutions have been proposed to explain the nature of “strange” radiation, but none of them describes the details of the process of formation of dotted traces. We believe that these traces on the film could appear due to the action of charged micron-sized clusters. The possibility of the existence of clusters in the form of a nucleus from a certain number of similarly charged ions enclosed in a spherical shell of water molecules is shown. The force of the Coulomb repulsion of ions is compensated by the compression force of the shell polarized by the inhomogeneous electric field created by the nuclear charge. As the cluster approaches the surface of the film, a cluster with a small charge separates from it. It is accelerated in the electric field of a “large” cluster to energy of about 1 GeV. Having received a recoil momentum, a large cluster moves away from the film, braking in an inhomogeneous electric field, and then “falls” onto it again, and the process is repeated.

Keywords: “strange” particles, traces on films, multi-charged clusters, interaction with dielectrics, computer modeling

PACS: 36.40.Wa; 52.80.Mg

RENSIT, 2021, 13(3):355-368 DOI: 10.17725/rensit.2021.13.355.

Full-text electronic version of this article - web site http://en.rensit.ru/vypuski/article/399/13(3)355-368e.pdf