NUCLEAR PHYSICS OF PLASMA AND CONDENSED MATTER
Hot laser fusion or low temperature nuclear reactions? Analysis and current prospects of the first experiments on laser fusion
Vladimir I. Vysotskii, Mykhaylo V. Vysotskyy
Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Faculty of Radiophysics, Electronics and Computer Systems, http://www. univ.kiev.ua/
Kyiv 01601, Ukraine
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
Alla A. Kornilova
Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Physics, http://www.phys.msu.ru/
Moscow 119991, Russian Federation
Received March 12, 2021, peer-reviewed March 18, 2021, accepted March 20, 2021
The paper considers the features and quantitative characteristics of the first successful laser experiments on the formation of a thermonuclear plasma and registration of neutrons in nuclear fusion reactions under pulsed irradiation of a LiD crystal. Quantitative analysis shows that the production of neutrons recorded in these experiments is not associated with thermonuclear reactions in hot laser plasma. The most probable mechanism of neutron generation is associated with nuclear reactions at low energies and is due to the formation of coherent correlated states (CCS) of deuterons. In this experiment, such states can be formed in two different processes: due to the effect of a shock wave in the undisturbed part of the target lattice on the vibrational state of deuterium nuclei or when deuterium nuclei with energy of about 500 eV move in the lattice. This part of the deuterium nuclei corresponds to the high-energy "tail" of the Maxwellian distribution of the total flux of particles entering from the laser plasma into the interplanar channel. In this second case, the process of the formation of the CCS is associated with the longitudinal periodicity of the interplanar crystal channel, which is equivalent to a nonstationary oscillator in the own coordinate system of moving particle. The expediency of repeating these experiments is shown, in which, in addition to neutrons, one should expect a more efficient generation of other nuclear fusion products due to low-energy reactions involving lithium isotopes from the target composition.
: laser and thermonuclear fusion, nuclear reactions at low energy, coherent correlated states, tunneling effect
PACS: 03.65.Xp;25.60.Pj; 25.70.-z; 25.85.Ge; 28.52.-s
, 2021, 13(1):59-70.
Full-text electronic version of this article - web site http://en.rensit.ru/vypuski/article/372/13(1)59-70e.pdf