Vol. 10, no.2, 2018


Vladimir A. Kotelnikov, Gennady M. Petrov
Kotelnikov Institute of Radioengineering and Electronics of Russian Academy of Sciences, http://www.cplire.ru/
Moscow 125009, Russian Federation

Received 25.05.1981 [1]
Abstract. A review of the work on planetary radar performed at the Institute of Radioengineering and Electronics of the USSR Academy of Sciences from the 1960s to the early 1980s of 20th century is presented. The works were stimulated by the practical cosmonautics requirements that arose after 1957 and required a more accurate knowledge of the distances and motions of the planets of the solar system than what the optical telescopes developed in classical observational astronomy provided. Along with the refinement of the basis of all calculations - the astronomical unit and the construction of the theory of the motion of inner planets certain basic parameters of these planets and their orbits-the radius and nature of the rotation of Venus, its surface, and also the surfaces of Mercury and Mars, were refined. The size and composition of the particles of Saturn's rings are also studied. The work was carried out with the help of the planetary radar designed for them, and the methods and ground-based echo-signals processing software.

Keywords: astronomy, radar, echo-signals, astronomical unit, theory of motion of inner planets, characteristics of planets, planetary radar

UDC 621.396.967

RENSIT, 2018, 10(2):147-166 DOI: 10.17725/rensit.2018.10.147

Full-text electronic version of this article - web site http://en.rensit.ru/vypuski/article/259/10(2)147-166e.pdf