Vol. 7, №2, 2015


Galina I. Razdyakonova, Vladimir A. Likholobov

Institute of Hydrocarbons Processing, Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Branch, http://www.ihcp.ru
644040 Omsk, Russian Federation
grazdyakonova@mail.ru, val@ihcp.ru
Olga A. Kokhanovskaya
Omsk State Technical University, http://www.omgtu.ru
644050 Omsk, Russian Federation

Received 04.09.2015
Abstract. The study aimed to compare the catalytic activities of different carbon black grades in the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide and to reveal the properties of carbon black surface affecting the kinetic parameters of the reaction. The catalytic activities of different carbon black grades, both the channel KК354 and the furnace N121, N326, P161, P267-E and P366-E, were compared in the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide to reveal the most essential properties of carbon black surface affecting a kinetic parameter of the reaction – its activation energy. The knowledge of activation energies for the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide by different carbon black grades will allow choosing the most efficient set of available grades for their joint oxidation and optimization of the functional composition of the product and other process variables. The study has shown that a direct relationship between catalytic activity and specific surface area of carbon black is absent. The disturbing factor is the surface roughness. The functionalization mechanism of the carbon black surface upon its oxidation by hydrogen peroxide with co-agents, ozone and singlet oxygen, was considered. The highest oxidation state of carbon black is reached by increasing the content of carboxyl and lactone groups with the use of hydrogen peroxide in a concentration of 30% in the liquid-phase process and air enriched with singlet oxygen.

Keywords: carbon black, oxidation, hydrogen peroxide, ozone, singlet oxygen, functional composition, activation energy

PACS: 81.05Uw, 81.65 Mq

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RENSIT, 2015, 7(2):180-190 DOI: 10.17725/rensit.2015.07.180
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