Vol. 7, №1, 2015


Vladimir E. Lyubchenko, Eugeny O. Yunevich, Valery I. Kalinin, Viktor D. Kotov, Dmitry E. Radchenko, Sergey A. Telegin

Kotel’nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics, Branch in Fryazino, Russian Academy of Science, http://fire.relarn.ru
141120 Fryazino, Moscow region, Russian Federation
lyubch@ire216.msk.su, yunevich@ms.ire.rssi.ru, val.kalinin@mail.ru, vdkotov@mail.ru, dm.radchenko@ gmail.com, telegins@bk.ru

Received 25.02.2015
Abstract. This paper summarizes the results of investigations, conducted by authors on the so called “active microwave antennas” – the structures, in which microstrip antenna is connected with active semiconductor element without intermediate feeder. The most attention is focused to the processes of microwave generation, particularly in the active antenna array. Active antenna, in this case antenna-oscillator (AO), looks as a planar log-periodic antenna, integrated with field-effect transistor at the dielectric substrate with metalized back side. Output microwave power of single AO was 5-7 mW at the frequency near 20 GHz with efficiency up to 20%. The opportunity of spatial power combining was studied for the linear and two-dimension arrays. It was shown, that during the operation of two AOs with frequency difference less than 50 MHz mutual synchronization takes place, mostly due to the surface wave excitation in the dielectric substrate. Meanwhile for the effective power combining in two-dimensional array of 4 or more elements external signal source is necessary or special reflector can be used. Computer modeling and experimental study have shown that depending on the dielectric substrate thickness generation of monochromatic, multi-frequency or chaotic signals is possible with output both to the free space and to the waveguide structures.

Keywords: antenna-oscillator, field-effect transistor, array of generators, synchronization, power combining

PACS: 84.40.Ba

Bibliography – 19 references

RENSIT, 2015, 7(1):3-14 DOI: 10.17725/rensit.2015.07.003
  • Lyubchenko VE. Fundamentalnye ogranicheniya i perspektivy primeneniya poluprovodnikovykh priborov v radiosistemakh millimetrovogo diapazona voln [Fundamental limitations and prospects of application of semiconductor devices in radio systems millimeter wave range]. Radiotekhnika, 2002, 2:16-27 (in Russ.).
  • Chang K, York RA, Hall PS, Itoh T. Active Integrated Antennas. IEEE Trans., 2002, MTT-50(3):937-944.
  • Gupta KC, Hall PS (Eds.). Analysis and Design of Integrated Circuit–Antenna Modules. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York-Toronto, 2000.
  • York RA, Popovich ZB (Eds). Active and Qasi-Optical Arrays for Solid-State Power Combiners. New York, Wiley, 1997.
  • Qian Y, Itoh T. Progress in Active Integrated Antennas and their Application. IEEE Trans.Microwave Theory Tech., 1998, 46:1891-1900.
  • Mink JW. Quasi-Optical Power Combining of Solid-State Millimeter-Wave Sources. IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., 1986, MTT-34(2):273-279.
  • Lyubchenko VE, Kotov VD, Yunevich EO. Aktivnaya mikropolozkovaya antenna s diodom Ganna [Active microstrip antenna with a Gunn diode]. Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Radiofiz, 2003, 46(8-9):799-803 (in Russ.).
  • Scheuring A, Wuensch S, Siegel M. A novel analytical model of resonance effects of log-periodic planar antennas. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 2009, 57(11):3482-3488.
  • Lyubchenko VE, Telegin SA, Yunevich EO. Modelirovanie logoperiodicheskoy pechatnoy antenny metodom prostranstvennoy matritsy peredayuschikh liniy [Modeling log-periodic antenna printed by the spatial matrix of transmission lines]. Radiotekhnika, 2013, 4:82-86 (in Russ.).
  • Kalinin VI, Kotov VD, Lyubchenko VE, Yunevich EO. Sinkhronizatsiya i slozhenie moschnostey antenno-svyazannykh tranzistornykh generatorov v SVCh diapazone [Synchronization and addition of power of the antenna-connected transistor generators in the microwave range]. Proc. 21th Int. Crimian Conf. «Micwave and telecommunication technology», Sevastopol, Ukraina, 12-16 Sept. 2011, pp. 179-180 (in Russ.).
  • Kalinin VI, Kotov VD, Lyubchenko VE, Yunevich EO. Sinkhronizatsiya i slozhenie moschnostey antenno-svyazannykh tranzistornykh generatorov v SVCh diapazone [Synchronization and addition of power of the antenna-connected transistor generators in the microwave range]. Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Radiofiz, 2011, 54(8-9):1-6 (in Russ.).
  • Kalinin VI, Kotov VD, Lyubchenko VE, Yunevich EO. Sinkhronizatsiya i slozhenie moschnostey izlucheniya mikropolozkovykh antenn-generatorov na polevykh tranzistorakh [Synchronization and addition radiation power of microstrip antennas generators FET. Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Radiofiz, 2011, 54(8-9):684-689 (in Russ.).
  • Lyubchenko VE, Yunevich EO, Kalinin VI, Kotov VD, Radchenko DE, Telegin SA. Generatziya mikrovolnovogo izlucheniya aktivnymi antennami na polevykh tranzistorakh v kvaziopticheskom rezonatore [Generation of microwave radiation by active antennas FET in quasi-optical resonator]. Radiotekhnika i Elektronika, 2013, 58(12):1192-1196 (in Russ.).
  • Betskiy OV, Baranov AD, Kotov VD, Lyubchenko VE, Radchenko DE, Yunevich EO. Generator electromagnitnykh voln SVCh i KVCh diapazona dlya biomeditsinskikh issledovaniy i terapii [Generator of electromagnetic waves of microwave and EHF for biomedical research and therapy]. Patent RF №2012123684 of 07.06.2012, Reg. in Gosreestr 10.01.2013.
  • Murata M, Matsui M, Tanaka M, Ohmori S. Active radiating butterfly antenna. IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society Intern. Symposium Digest, 1997, 4:2464-2467.
  • Donez IV. Elektrodinamicheskiy analiz integrirovannogo v podlozhku volnovoda [Electrodynamic analysis of the integrated into the substrate waveguide]. Electromagnetic waves and Electronics Systems, 2008, 13(5):22-25 (in Russ.).
  • Bozzi M, Georgiadis A, Wu K. Review of Substrate Integrated Waveguide (SIW) Circuits and Antennas. IET Microwaves, Antennas and Propagation, 2011, 5(8):909-92.
  • Christopoulos C. The Transmission-Line Modeling Method TLM. New York, IEEE Press, 1995.
  • Bryantseva TA, Lyubchenko VE, Markov IA, Yunevich EO. Mikropoloskovaya antenna na arsenide galliya [Microstrip antenna gallium arsenide]. Patent RF №128788 of 27.05.2013, Reg. in Gosreestr 27.05.2013.

Full-text electronic version of this article - web site http://en.rensit.ru/vypuski/article/141/7(1)-3-14e.pdf