Vol. 6, №2, 2014


Valery A. Alferov

Tula State University, http://tsu.tula.ru
300012 Tula, Russian Federation
Raif G. Vasilov
National Research Centre "Kurchatov Institute", http://www.nrcki.ru
123182 Moscow, Russian Federation
Sergey P. Gubin
Kurnakov Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, http://www.igic.ras.ru
117991 Moscow, Russian Federation
Vadim V. Kashin, Vladimir V. Kolesov
Kotel’nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics, Russian Academy of Sciences, http://www.cplire.ru
125009 Moscow, Russian Federation
kashin@cplire.ru, kvv@cplire.ru
Anna E. Kitova, Andrey V. Machulin, Anatoly N. Reshetilov, Tatiana A. Reshetilova
Scryabin Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of microorganisms of RAS, http://www.ibpm.ru
142290 Puschino, Moscow Region, Russian Federation

Received 21.11.2014
Abstract. The state of studies and the new directions, which are developed recently with the creation of the biological-fuel elements of devices, based on the biological material and generating the direct gen¬eration of electrical energy with the oxidation of substrata was examined. The functioning of the microbial biological-fuel elements, which oxidizes ethanol was investigated. The bioelectrocatalyst were the intact Gluconobacter oxydans bacterial cells or their membrans fractions. The application of nanocarbonic materials at the development of the electrodes for the biological-fuel elements was considered. The cell of the biological-fuel element on the basis of thermo-expanded graphite was experimentally studied. The special features of graphene as the bases of electrodes in the biological-fuel elements at the development of electrodes was reviewed. The successful develop¬ment of this subjects, which relates to the bioenergetics, possibly with the close cooperation of such areas of biotechnology as the biosensor and electrochemical studies, which are rested on the application of microelectronic technologies.

Keywords: biofuel elements, bioanode, direct obtaining electric energy, oxidation of substrata enzymes and microbe cells, membrane fractions, nanocarbon materials

PACS 82.45.Tv, 87.85 M-

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RENSIT, 2014, 6(2):187-208 DOI: 10.17725/RENSITe.0006.201412a.0187
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