Vol. 6, №1, 2014
РусскийEnglish

THEORY OF EVOLUTION



ENERGY ASPECTS OF ABIOGENESIS IN THE ATMOSPHERE ON HYDROCARBON AEROSOL NANODROPLETS
Zaritsky A. R.
Lebedev Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, http://www.lebedev.ru
119991 Moscow, Russian Federation
zaritsky@sci.lebedev.ru
Grachev V. I.
Kotel’nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics, Russian Academy of Sciences, http://www.cplire.ru
125009 Moscow, Russian Federation
grachev@cplire.ru
Vorontsov Yu. P.
Filatov Hospital №13, Moscow Department of Healthcare, http://www.13dgkb.ru
103001 Moscow, Russian Federation
yupmkpsp@rambler.ru
Pronin V. S.
Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Ministry of Healthcare and Social Development of RF,
http://www.mmm.ru
119991 Moscow, Russian Federation
vspronin@yandex,ru

Received 21.01.2013, revised 06.03.2013
Presented the probable scenario of the origination of life in the Earth's primitive atmosphere: from systemic physical preconditions in the mineral world before the conditions that led to the emergence of relatively stable, nonequilibrium organic systems with rudiments of metabolism. Such systems are the relatively autonomous energy-raw-materials sources of free energy – the hydrocarbon nanodroplets in the atmospheric surface layer. At the interface drop-gas there are physical fields that activate decay of surface molecules drops. Free decay energy gets out at the surface of the drop and activates the synthesis reaction of complex and diverse organic compounds, up to archaic enzymes and macroergs, genomic nucleotides and viruslike compounds. Positive feedback of conjugation of energy output with the synthesis of organic compound forms the hydrocarbon droplet with rudiments of metabolism and the flowing homeostasis as protobiont. While cooling the planet such a planetary scale "world of droplets" of autonomous energy-raw-material sources in the near-surface atmosphere seems as the sufficient condition for "start of started"of biopoiesis. .Showed also the general direction of evolutionary development in the emergent living world. First, it is a steady increase of power of autonomous energy sources by the simultaneous perfection of mechanisms for energy savings on the life activity. Secondly, it is a symbiosis of the information interaction of isolated micro energy systems with the emerging viral world, as a sufficient condition for the evolution of the living world as a whole.

Keywords: abiogenesis, atmosphere, primary separation, hydrocarbon nanodroplets, autonomous energy source, metabolism, homeostasis, symbiosis.

UDC 576.1+551.7

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